In September 2016, Baltimore County, Maryland’s county executive asked the CSG Justice Center to conduct an independent assessment of its law enforcement and behavioral health collaboration, the Baltimore County Crisis Response System, which helps the county respond to people who have behavioral health needs. This report describes the assessment’s methodology, highlights key findings, and discusses those recommendations and strategies.
Law Enforcement Publications Library
Justice Center Publications
The CSG Justice Center, in partnership with the International Association of Directors of Law Enforcement Standards and Training (IADLEST), recently released the results of a national survey on state law enforcement training standards for responding to people with mental illnesses.
These checklists can help law enforcement, behavior health, and local leaders determine whether their Police-Mental Health Collaboration (PMHC) programs align with promising practices for improving outcomes for law enforcement encounters with people with mental illnesses or who are in mental health crisis.
This brief from the CSG Justice Center highlights states that authorize sworn police officers in schools, whether municipal or county school resource officers, or school police officers from school districts’ own police agencies.
The Major Cities Chiefs Association (MCC) and the Council of State Governments Justice Center surveyed MCC members in August 2013 to better understand school-based officers’ responsibilities, practices, concerns, and barriers to successful program implementation, as part of the School Discipline Consensus Project.
Over the past 20 years, state spending on corrections has skyrocketed—from $12 billion in 1988 to more than $52 billion in 2011.1 Declining state revenues and other fiscal factors are putting a serious strain on many states’ criminal justice systems, often […]
The CSG Justice Center’s Lessons Learned: Planning and Assessing a Law Enforcement Reentry Strategy describes how four law enforcement agencies used the principles outlined in Planning and Assessing a Law Enforcement Reentry Strategy to engage in local-level reentry partnerships in order to reduce crime and increase public safety in their jurisdictions.
This report is an unprecedented study that answers one question that to date has been a matter of speculation among law enforcement and corrections officials everywhere: to what extent do people on probation and parole contribute to crime, as measured by arrests?
Statewide Law Enforcement/Mental Health Efforts: Strategies to Support and Sustain Local Initiatives is the product of a project supported by the Bureau of Justice Assistance. It examines how states have developed structures and standards to make police encounters with people […]
This report from the Council of State Governments Justice Center’s Criminal Justice/Mental Health Consensus Project is intended to help criminal justice officials work with health professionals to better use both systems’ information to reduce criminal justice involvement among people with mental illnesses and to provide better links to treatment.
The publication explores the program design process, including detailed examples from several communities from across the country. It is meant to assist initiative leaders and agents of change who want to select or adapt program features from models that will be most effective in their communities. This project was coordinated by the Council of State Governments Justice Center with support from the Bureau of Justice Assistance, U.S. Department of Justice.
Examines studies on law enforcement interactions with people with mental illnesses and translates the findings to help policymakers and practitioners develop safe and effective interventions. Supported by the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation, it reviews research on the scope and nature of the problem and on a range of law enforcement responses.
This report from the National Conference of State Legislators provides legislators with the tools they need to consider cost effective policies that both respond to mental health issues and enhance public safety.
This publication is dedicated to issues surrounding alternatives to police enforcement, which is defined as the administration of the law—e.g., issuing arrests, citations, summonses, or warrants.
This publication from the Police Executive Research Forum includes information on problem-solving, innovation, and partnerships in the police response to homelessness, and is built upon stories from law enforcement leaders sharing successes and best practices from their jurisdictions.
This publication from the Laura and John Arnold Foundation examines how public safety personnel, health professionals, and service providers can contribute to solving the problem of Frequent Utilizers—those who cycle in and out of jails, hospitals, shelters, and other social service programs at a startlingly high rate.
This publication from the Texas Public Policy Foundation examines the decades-long growth in rural pretrial incarceration, unveiling growth contributors and making evidence-based recommendations to improve public safety while reducing the number of defendants held on pretrial detention.
This publication from the Community Oriented Policing Services Office aims to highlight best practices for law enforcement agencies when managing contact with individuals experiencing a mental health crisis by using the Park Ridge, Illinois Police Department as a case study.
This issue brief from the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation examines data related to the Medicaid expansion included in the Affordable Care Act, including savings related to offsetting state costs in other areas, including those related to behavioral health services, crime, and the criminal justice system.
This report from the Annie E. Casey Foundation presents a vision for transforming juvenile probation into a focused intervention that promotes personal growth, positive behavior change, and long-term success for youth who pose significant risks for committing serious crimes.
This brief from the National Center for Juvenile Justice provides specific examples of how juvenile probation administrators can use aggregate data to improve practices and monitor system improvements.
This report from the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Community Oriented Policing Services examines the jurisdictional and legal limits of cross-deputization and how it has been implemented in various law enforcement agencies in Indian country.