Mental Health Publications

The Justice Center, with the support of its funders and project partners, develops a range of practical, nonpartisan, and consensus-based publications– informed by available evidence–for policymakers, practitioners, and others involved in improving the response to people with mental illnesses involved in the criminal justice system.

justice center publications

Guidelines for the Successful Transition of People with Behavioral Health Disorders from Jail and Prison

Guidelines for the Successful Transition of People with Behavioral Health Disorders from Jail and Prison

Developed by the Substance Abuse and Mental health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA) GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation in collaboration with the Council of State Governments Justice Center and the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the guidelines promote the criminal justice partnerships that are necessary to develop successful approaches for identifying individuals in need of services, determining what services those individuals need, and addressing these needs during transition from incarceration to community-based treatment and supervision.

Adults with Behavioral Health Needs under Correctional Supervision: A Shared Framework for Reducing Recidivism and Promoting Recovery

Adults with Behavioral Health Needs under Correctional Supervision: A Shared Framework for Reducing Recidivism and Promoting Recovery

The CSG Justice Center’s Adults with Behavioral Health Needs under Correctional Supervision: A Shared Framework for Reducing Recidivism and Promoting Recovery is for policymakers, administrators, and service providers committed to improving outcomes for the large number of adults with mental health and substance use disorders that cycle through the criminal justice system.

A Checklist for Implementing Evidence-Based Practices and Programs for Justice-Involved Adults with Behavioral Health Disorders

A Checklist for Implementing Evidence-Based Practices and Programs for Justice-Involved Adults with Behavioral Health Disorders

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation and the Council of State Governments Justice Center have prepared this easy-to-use checklist to help behavioral health agencies assess their utilization of evidence-based practices associated with positive public safety and public health outcomes.

Mentally Ill Offender Treatment and Crime Reduction Act Fact Sheet

Provides background on the legislation that authorizes federal grants to jurisdictions interested in developing collaborative criminal justice/mental health responses to people with mental illnesses. To download a PDF of the fact sheet, click here.

External Publications

Racial/Ethnic Differences in Mental Health Service Use among Adults

Racial/Ethnic Differences in Mental Health Service Use among Adults

Adults who are white, American Indian or Alaska Native, or identify as two or more races are more likely to use mental health services than any other ethnicity, according to this report from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.

Why Public Health Practitioners Should Care About Job Prospects for People with Criminal Records

Why Public Health Practitioners Should Care About Job Prospects for People with Criminal Records

Children with parents who are unemployed are more likely to become involved with the justice system, according to an article published in the Harvard Public Health Review. The article discusses the importance of employment for people returning home from incarceration and their families, and highlights how barriers to stable employment fuel poverty, recidivism, and, ultimately, poor health in vulnerable populations.

Trends in Mental Health Care Among Children and Adolescents

Trends in Mental Health Care Among Children and Adolescents

This study from the New England Journal of Medicine highlights trends of mental health outpatient services for youth between the ages of 6 and 17. It reports that outpatient mental health service increased from 9.2 percent in 1996–1998 and 13.3 percent in 2010–2012.

Callous and Cruel: Use of Force Against Inmates with Mental Disabilities in U.S. Jails and Prisons

Callous and Cruel: Use of Force Against Inmates with Mental Disabilities in U.S. Jails and Prisons

This report from Human Rights Watch examines the use of violence by prison and jail staff on individuals who have mental illnesses. Such incidents can occur when inmates do not follow rules or orders, and/or exhibit behaviors exacerbated by their mental illnesses. The report makes recommendations to decrease violence through improving corrections conditions, increasing mental health treatment and criminal justice diversion programs, ending solitary confinement for people with mental illness, holding staff accountable, and more. View the report.

Tuesday TED-style Talk at NatCon15

Tuesday TED-style Talk at NatCon15

During this “TED-style” talk at the National Council of Behavioral Health’s annual NatCon conference, the CSG Justice Center’s Dr. Fred Osher explained how the risk-need-responsitivity (RNR) model can be used to reduce recidivism.

Diverting Youth at Probation Intake: The Front-End Diversion Initiative

Diverting Youth at Probation Intake: The Front-End Diversion Initiative

This publication from the Mental Health Juvenile Justice Collaborative for Change and the National Center for Mental Health and Juvenile Justice discusses the Front-End Diversion Initiative (FEDI) in Texas, an effort to divert youth with mental health needs away from the juvenile justice system.

Top Five Most Costly Conditions Among Children

This brief from the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality presents data on medical expenditures for care provided in 2012 for the five most costly conditions among children up to age 7.