In this brief from the CSG Justice Center, an extensive data analysis coupled with over 50 in-person interviews with local and state leaders led to the identification of key recommendations for reducing the number of people with behavioral health disorders cycling in and out of jail.
Mental Health Publications
The Justice Center, with the support of its funders and project partners, develops a range of practical, nonpartisan, and consensus-based publications– informed by available evidence–for policymakers, practitioners, and others involved in improving the response to people with mental illnesses involved in the criminal justice system.
justice center publications
This report is designed to provide foundational knowledge and a working framework of risk assessment instruments for criminal justice and social service agencies, practitioners, and policymakers.
Developed by the Substance Abuse and Mental health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA) GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation in collaboration with the Council of State Governments Justice Center and the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the guidelines promote the criminal justice partnerships that are necessary to develop successful approaches for identifying individuals in need of services, determining what services those individuals need, and addressing these needs during transition from incarceration to community-based treatment and supervision.
The appropriate use of federal Medicaid dollars to help expand health care coverage for individuals involved with the criminal justice system presents an opportunity to achieve reductions in state and local spending, while minimizing known health and public safety concerns associated with reentry following incarceration.
Individuals involved with the criminal justice system face high rates of communicable and chronic diseases, mental illness, and substance use disorders. However, criminal justice practitioners often have difficulty connecting this largely low-income and uninsured population to the health services they […]
The CSG Justice Center’s Improving Outcomes for People with Mental Illnesses Involved with New York City’s Criminal Court and Correction Systems presents the results of an unprecedented analysis of the mental health needs, criminogenic risk, and risk of failure to appear in court for individuals admitted to the New York City Department of Correction.
Statewide Law Enforcement/Mental Health Efforts: Strategies to Support and Sustain Local Initiatives is the product of a project supported by the Bureau of Justice Assistance. It examines how states have developed structures and standards to make police encounters with people […]
The CSG Justice Center’s Adults with Behavioral Health Needs under Correctional Supervision: A Shared Framework for Reducing Recidivism and Promoting Recovery is for policymakers, administrators, and service providers committed to improving outcomes for the large number of adults with mental health and substance use disorders that cycle through the criminal justice system.
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation and the Council of State Governments Justice Center have prepared this easy-to-use checklist to help behavioral health agencies assess their utilization of evidence-based practices associated with positive public safety and public health outcomes.
Provides background on the legislation that authorizes federal grants to jurisdictions interested in developing collaborative criminal justice/mental health responses to people with mental illnesses. To download a PDF of the fact sheet, click here.
Using results from a 51-jurisdiction survey, this brief from the National Center for Juvenile Justice provides an overview of standardized mental health screening tools that are required at the state-level in juvenile detention, probation, and correction settings.
Adults who are white, American Indian or Alaska Native, or identify as two or more races are more likely to use mental health services than any other ethnicity, according to this report from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
Children with parents who are unemployed are more likely to become involved with the justice system, according to an article published in the Harvard Public Health Review. The article discusses the importance of employment for people returning home from incarceration and their families, and highlights how barriers to stable employment fuel poverty, recidivism, and, ultimately, poor health in vulnerable populations.
Using data from the National Health Interview Survey, this report from the National Center for Health Statistics compares the prevalence of mental disorders among men of color with non-Hispanic white men.
This study from the New England Journal of Medicine highlights trends of mental health outpatient services for youth between the ages of 6 and 17. It reports that outpatient mental health service increased from 9.2 percent in 1996–1998 and 13.3 percent in 2010–2012.
This report from the American Hospital Association provides recommendations and strategies for hospitals in addressing the mental health needs of their communities.
This report from Human Rights Watch examines the use of violence by prison and jail staff on individuals who have mental illnesses. Such incidents can occur when inmates do not follow rules or orders, and/or exhibit behaviors exacerbated by their mental illnesses. The report makes recommendations to decrease violence through improving corrections conditions, increasing mental health treatment and criminal justice diversion programs, ending solitary confinement for people with mental illness, holding staff accountable, and more. View the report.
This report from the National Alliance on Mental Illness discusses the limited insurance coverage for mental health and substance use care, despite the passage of two laws, the Mental Health Parity Addiction Equity Act (MHPAEA) in 2008 and the Affordable Care Act (ACA) in 2010.
During this “TED-style” talk at the National Council of Behavioral Health’s annual NatCon conference, the CSG Justice Center’s Dr. Fred Osher explained how the risk-need-responsitivity (RNR) model can be used to reduce recidivism.
This study published in The Lancet medical journal found that mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) may be as effective as medical treatment for people recovering from depression.