In North Dakota, a justice reinvestment approach resulted in sweeping changes to improve community-based treatment for people in the criminal justice system and to increase the number of treatment providers to serve this population. This publication presents a full summary of the justice reinvestment process and legislation.
Substance Abuse Publications
Justice Center Publications
This report serves as a blueprint for counties to assess their existing efforts to reduce the number of people with mental illnesses in jail by considering specific questions and progress-tracking measures.
The National Reentry Resource Center recently released Critical Connections—a discussion paper that identifies key questions state and local leaders should ask as part of their efforts to help people leaving prison and jail with mental health needs get community-based treatment.
This report documents the key lessons learned and recommendations to help criminal justice and substance use treatment systems improve transitions between institutional and community care.
The CSG Justice Center partnered with Dr. Faye Taxman from George Mason University’s Center for Advancing Correctional Excellence to develop guiding principles and process measures that can help guide cross-systems delivery of service.
This report is designed to provide foundational knowledge and a working framework of risk assessment instruments for criminal justice and social service agencies, practitioners, and policymakers.
After extensive quantitative and qualitative analyses identified key challenges in the state’s criminal justice system, policymakers developed a policy framework designed to strengthen community supervision, increase accountability, and expand access to substance use treatment.
Developed by the Substance Abuse and Mental health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA) GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation in collaboration with the Council of State Governments Justice Center and the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the guidelines promote the criminal justice partnerships that are necessary to develop successful approaches for identifying individuals in need of services, determining what services those individuals need, and addressing these needs during transition from incarceration to community-based treatment and supervision.
The appropriate use of federal Medicaid dollars to help expand health care coverage for individuals involved with the criminal justice system presents an opportunity to achieve reductions in state and local spending, while minimizing known health and public safety concerns associated with reentry following incarceration.
Individuals involved with the criminal justice system face high rates of communicable and chronic diseases, mental illness, and substance use disorders. However, criminal justice practitioners often have difficulty connecting this largely low-income and uninsured population to the health services they […]
The CSG Justice Center’s Adults with Behavioral Health Needs under Correctional Supervision: A Shared Framework for Reducing Recidivism and Promoting Recovery is for policymakers, administrators, and service providers committed to improving outcomes for the large number of adults with mental health and substance use disorders that cycle through the criminal justice system.
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation and the Council of State Governments Justice Center have prepared this easy-to-use checklist to help behavioral health agencies assess their utilization of evidence-based practices associated with positive public safety and public health outcomes.
This report from the Council of State Governments Justice Center’s Criminal Justice/Mental Health Consensus Project is intended to help criminal justice officials work with health professionals to better use both systems’ information to reduce criminal justice involvement among people with mental illnesses and to provide better links to treatment.
This fact sheet from the Council of State Governments Criminal Justice/Mental Health Consensus Project examines continuity of care for people with mental illnesses post-incarceration, showing how enrollment in Medicaid increases access to treatment, helping to reduce recidivism.
This publication from the Council of State Governments Justice Center identifies effective approaches by local criminal justice systems to defendants with mental illnesses and, often, co-occurring substance use disorders at the pretrial stage.
This report from the Council of State Governments Criminal Justice/Mental Health Consensus Project explains critical issues such as determining whether to establish a mental health court, defining the target population, ensuring confidentiality, sustaining the court, and other key considerations.
This publication from the Council of State Governments provides 35 policy statements, each of which is a consensus-based principle that should be an underpinning of a reentry initiative. Topics include planning a reentry initiative; reviewing reentry processes, from admission to the institution to return to the community; and the elements of effective health and social service systems.
This new online portal from the Addiction Policy Forum is designed to help individuals and families struggling with addiction find comprehensive information and resources.
This report from the Brookings Institution examines the social determinants of the opioid crisis and offers policy recommendations for effectively addressing the crisis.
This report from The Pew Charitable Trusts explores how jails administer their health care programs and whether these programs further county public health and safety goals.
This report from the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration shines the spotlight on critical issues and services for Americans with serious mental illnesses and serious emotional disturbances.
Topics in the toolkit include assessing the size of the reentry population, engaging partners and encouraging collaboration, using data and working with research partners, and adjusting the program model based on data and research.
This report from The Sentencing Project discusses the need for a public health response to the current drug crisis, offering recommendations for policymakers, including the use of medication-assisted treatment.
This online resource from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention contains information about evidence-based juvenile justice and youth prevention, intervention, and reentry programs.
This research brief from Altarum Consulting estimates the magnitude of the economic and quantifiable societal harms of opioid-related overdoses and deaths and calculates potential savings in productivity, health care, criminal justice, child and family assistance, and education costs that would come from eliminating opioid addiction.
This four-volume report from the Academy for Justice at Arizona State University’s Sandra Day O’Connor College of Law covers dozens of topics within the areas of criminalization, policing, pretrial and trial processes, punishment, incarceration, and release.
This fact sheet from the American Association for the Treatment of Opioid Dependence offers evidence-based arguments in support of using federally approved medications to treat opioid use disorders and offers policy and legal considerations related to the use of medication-assisted treatment.