Building Trust and Legitimacy within Community Corrections

NIJIn addition to the 2.3 million people incarcerated in our nation’s jails and prisons, 4 million people are on probation or parole at any given time. Although people on probation and parole are the largest part of the correctional system, this aspect of corrections has been largely absent from the national conversation surrounding incarceration rates and criminal justice reform. This paper from the National Institute of Justice, the third in a series of papers from the Harvard Executive Session on Community Corrections, discusses the need for a new model of community corrections that can improve public safety while recognizing that people on probation and parole are members of the communities in which they live and are supervised.