Municipal Courts: An Effective Tool for Diverting People with Mental and Substance Use Disorders from the Criminal Justice System

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Municipal courts are an effective tool for diverting people with mental health and substance use disorders from incarceration. This report from the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services and the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration examines the opportunities and challenges associated with municipal court diversion, and outlines elements for effective practice: identification and screening; court-based clinicians; recovery-engagement strategies; and proportional response.