Lessons from the States: Reducing Recidivism and Curbing Corrections Costs Through Justice Reinvestment

Over the past 20 years, state spending on corrections has skyrocketed—from $12 billion in 1988 to more than $52 billion in 2011.Declining state revenues and other fiscal factors are putting a serious strain on many states’ criminal justice systems, often putting concerns about the bottom line in competition with public safety. Strategies tested in numerous states and local jurisdictions, however, show that there are effective ways to address the challenge of containing rising corrections costs while also increasing public safety.

To download the PDF version of this publication, click here.


1. National Association of State Budget Officers, State Expenditure Report 1988 (Washington: National Association of State Budget Officers, 1989), 71. National Association of State Budget Officers, State Expenditure Report 2010 (Washington: National Association of State Budget Officers, 2011), 54