Cross-Deputization in Indian Country

COPSThis report from the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Community Oriented Policing Services examines the jurisdictional and legal limits of cross-deputization and how it has been implemented in various law enforcement agencies in Indian country. Jurisdiction in Indian country has long been complicated by multifaceted tribal, state, and federal laws as well as policies and court decisions, making it difficult for law enforcement to effectively address many types of criminal offenses, but recent changes in tribal, federal, and state law have enabled tribal law enforcement to enforce a broader array of state and federal crimes by cross-commissioning and cross-deputizing their officers. This report—based on the work of the National Sheriffs’ Association, which assembled a cross-deputization advisory panel—examines these issues and describes some of the most promising practices, providing sample documents and agreements.