The traditional police role in prisoner reentry has been limited to surveillance of probationers and parolees for the violation of the terms of their release or the commission of new crimes. Not surprisingly, some organizations working directly with recently released people do not trust law enforcement agencies. This National Institute of Justice publication argues that police, particularly urban police departments, have a major role to play in prisoner reentry, in part because of high recidivism rates among returning offenders and because of their concentration in some of the poorest, highest crime neighborhoods. Greater involvement of the police in prisoner reentry can promote public safety through more focused problem-oriented policing efforts and increase police legitimacy, particularly in minority communities, through enhanced community policing efforts. To download this publication, click here.