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2018 Update on Prisoner Recidivism: A 9-Year Follow-Up Period (2005-2014)

Bureau of Justice StatisticsThis report from the U.S. Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) examines the post-release recidivism patterns of formerly incarcerated people and their involvement in criminal activity, both within and outside of the state where they were imprisoned. In 2005, BJS began tracking the recidivism patterns of 67,966 people in prison who were randomly sampled to represent the 401,288 people in state prisons released in 30 states for a five-year period. In 2015, BJS re-collected criminal history records on the same sample of people to extend the original five-year follow-up period to nine years. This report presents the offending patterns for the full nine year period. Findings include that almost half of of the people in the study who were not arrested within three years of release were arrested during years four through nine; and that during each year, and cumulatively in the nine-year follow-up period, people who had been arrested for property offenses were more likely to be rearrested than people who had committed a violent crime.