Federal social assistance programs, including TANF, SNAP, and federal housing assistance programs, have an restrictions on eligibility based on drug felonies and other criminal records. This report from the Congressional Research Service provides an overview and discussion of these restrictions and their impact. In addition, it also discusses the use of drug testing in federal assistance programs.
Modeled after drug courts, Driving While Impaired (DWI) courts are effective with reducing general and DWI recidivism by an average of more than 12 percent, according to report by the National Center for DWI Courts.
Informed by research and experience working in corrections, the authors of this report argue that unwinding mass incarceration requires more than stopping current practices or reversing course by mass commutations and early release programs—it requires a new infrastructure of coordinated community-based facilities and services.
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) youth, particularly those involved in the juvenile justice system, are at heightened risk of physical, sexual, and emotional abuse. This guide from the Annie E. Casey Foundation, designed to ensure the safety and well-being of LGBT youth in the system, covers a wide range of policies and practice.
Shifting Gears, an effort launched in 2007 by the Joyce Foundation in several Midwest states has helped adults with low-level work skills gain the knowledge, skills, and credentials to advance and succeed in the 21st century economy. This report from the Foundation highlights the initiative in Illinois, Michigan, Minnesota, Ohio, and Wisconsin, where these strategies were tested and it summarizes results from the program’s evaluation.
In 2011, following a federal court order to reduce its correctional population, California instituted Public Safety Realignment (“Realignment”) which shifted correctional responsibilities for individuals with lower-level felonies from states to counties. Since then, Realignment has been largely successful, according to this report from the Public Policy Institute of California.
This annual BJS report presents final counts of people under the jurisdiction of state and federal correctional authorities on December 31, 2014.
While the prevalence of behavioral health disorders decreases over time among youth after their release from juvenile detention, a substantial proportion of this population continue to have disorders, according to a bulletin from the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
This study from the Ella Baker Center for Human Rights, Forward Together, and Research Action Design looked at the apparent and hidden costs of incarceration for families, including fees and fines, the impact on mental and physical health, and challenges in maintaining relationships.
Recent advances in behavior and neuroscience research confirms that brain development continues into a person’s 20s, thus young adults have more psychological similarities to children than to older adults. This developmental distinction, this paper from the Harvard Kennedy School of Government recommends, should inform the justice system’s response to criminal behavior among this group.