In September 2016, Baltimore County, Maryland’s county executive asked the CSG Justice Center to conduct an independent assessment of its law enforcement and behavioral health collaboration, the Baltimore County Crisis Response System, which helps the county respond to people who have behavioral health needs. This report describes the assessment’s methodology, highlights key findings, and discusses those recommendations and strategies.
Substance Abuse Publications
Justice Center Publications
In North Dakota, a justice reinvestment approach resulted in sweeping changes to improve community-based treatment for people in the criminal justice system and to increase the number of treatment providers to serve this population. This publication presents a full summary of the justice reinvestment process and legislation.
This report serves as a blueprint for counties to assess their existing efforts to reduce the number of people with mental illnesses in jail by considering specific questions and progress-tracking measures.
The National Reentry Resource Center recently released Critical Connections—a discussion paper that identifies key questions state and local leaders should ask as part of their efforts to help people leaving prison and jail with mental health needs get community-based treatment.
This report documents the key lessons learned and recommendations to help criminal justice and substance use treatment systems improve transitions between institutional and community care.
The CSG Justice Center partnered with Dr. Faye Taxman from George Mason University’s Center for Advancing Correctional Excellence to develop guiding principles and process measures that can help guide cross-systems delivery of service.
This report is designed to provide foundational knowledge and a working framework of risk assessment instruments for criminal justice and social service agencies, practitioners, and policymakers.
After extensive quantitative and qualitative analyses identified key challenges in the state’s criminal justice system, policymakers developed a policy framework designed to strengthen community supervision, increase accountability, and expand access to substance use treatment.
Developed by the Substance Abuse and Mental health Services Administration’s (SAMHSA) GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation in collaboration with the Council of State Governments Justice Center and the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the guidelines promote the criminal justice partnerships that are necessary to develop successful approaches for identifying individuals in need of services, determining what services those individuals need, and addressing these needs during transition from incarceration to community-based treatment and supervision.
The appropriate use of federal Medicaid dollars to help expand health care coverage for individuals involved with the criminal justice system presents an opportunity to achieve reductions in state and local spending, while minimizing known health and public safety concerns associated with reentry following incarceration.
Individuals involved with the criminal justice system face high rates of communicable and chronic diseases, mental illness, and substance use disorders. However, criminal justice practitioners often have difficulty connecting this largely low-income and uninsured population to the health services they […]
The CSG Justice Center’s Adults with Behavioral Health Needs under Correctional Supervision: A Shared Framework for Reducing Recidivism and Promoting Recovery is for policymakers, administrators, and service providers committed to improving outcomes for the large number of adults with mental health and substance use disorders that cycle through the criminal justice system.
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration’s GAINS Center for Behavioral Health and Justice Transformation and the Council of State Governments Justice Center have prepared this easy-to-use checklist to help behavioral health agencies assess their utilization of evidence-based practices associated with positive public safety and public health outcomes.
This report from the Council of State Governments Justice Center’s Criminal Justice/Mental Health Consensus Project is intended to help criminal justice officials work with health professionals to better use both systems’ information to reduce criminal justice involvement among people with mental illnesses and to provide better links to treatment.
This fact sheet from the Council of State Governments Criminal Justice/Mental Health Consensus Project examines continuity of care for people with mental illnesses post-incarceration, showing how enrollment in Medicaid increases access to treatment, helping to reduce recidivism.
This publication from the Council of State Governments Justice Center identifies effective approaches by local criminal justice systems to defendants with mental illnesses and, often, co-occurring substance use disorders at the pretrial stage.
This report from the Council of State Governments Criminal Justice/Mental Health Consensus Project explains critical issues such as determining whether to establish a mental health court, defining the target population, ensuring confidentiality, sustaining the court, and other key considerations.
This publication from the Council of State Governments provides 35 policy statements, each of which is a consensus-based principle that should be an underpinning of a reentry initiative. Topics include planning a reentry initiative; reviewing reentry processes, from admission to the institution to return to the community; and the elements of effective health and social service systems.
This new journal from the National Association of Drug Court Professionals is dedicated to the topic of identifying and rectifying racial, ethnic, and gender disparities in treatment courts.
This publication from the United States Interagency Council on Homelessness lays out a plan for ending homelessness that focuses on identifying and describing essential federal strategies to build effective, lasting systems that aim to work both in the present and to be able to respond quickly and efficiently when housing instability and homelessness occur in the future.
This paper from the California Health Care Foundation reviews recent changes to the Confidentiality of Alcohol and Drug Abuse Patient Records, 42 Code of Federal Regulations related to substance addiction treatment.
This report from the Research and Training Center for Pathways to Positive Futures addresses challenges faced by transition-aged youth and young adults with mental health conditions as they try to find and maintain stable housing.
This publication from JAMA Network Open offers a cross-sectional analysis of the association between various levels of opioid use and health, co-occurring substance addictions, and involvement in the criminal justice system.
This publication from the Laura and John Arnold Foundation examines how public safety personnel, health professionals, and service providers can contribute to solving the problem of Frequent Utilizers—those who cycle in and out of jails, hospitals, shelters, and other social service programs at a startlingly high rate.
This report examines data on prison populations and crime since comprehensive changes to policies and practices took place in Utah beginning in 2015.
This issue paper from the Community Oriented Correctional Health Services describes how medications are prescribed and dispensed in a criminal justice system setting, including through the use of health information technology.
This toolkit from the Addiction Policy Forum was designed to empower patients, families, emergency medicine providers, and policymakers to work collaboratively to identify patients in need of help, initiate evidence-based treatments, and connect patients and families to comprehensive support services.
This policy brief from the White House’s Council of Economic Advisors discusses the economic costs of crime and the effectiveness of programs to reduce recidivism, focusing on programs delivered inside correctional facilities addressing three main areas: mental health, substance abuse, and education.