Discipline Disparities for Black Students, Boys, and Students with Disabilities

GAOThis report from the Government Accountability Office (GAO) reviews the use of discipline in public schools by examining: (1) patterns in disciplinary actions in public schools; (2) challenges  reported by selected school districts regarding student behavior and how they are approaching school discipline; and (3) actions the Departments of Education and Justice have taken to identify and address disparities or discrimination in school discipline.

GAO analyzed discipline data from nearly all public schools for the 2013-2014 school year from the Department of Education’s Civil Rights Data Collection and interviewed federal and state officials as well as officials from a total of 5 districts and 19 schools in California, Georgia, Massachusetts, North Dakota, and Texas.