The Color of Youth Transferred to the Adult Criminal Justice System: Policy and Practice Recommendations

campaign for youth justiceThis brief from the Campaign for Youth Justice and the National Association of Social Workers outlines how youth of color end up in adult courts, using three state case studies in Oregon, Florida, and Missouri as examples. The report examines the historical context of enduring racial discrimination toward African American communities, which has shaped the foundation of the systemic policies, practices, and procedures that compound disproportionality. Data show that in Oregon, while black youth are 2.3 percent of the state’s population, they were 15.8 percent of youth transferred to adult court in 2017. Similarly, in Florida, although black youth make up just 21 percent of the youth population, they accounted for 67.7 percent of youth transferred to adult court in 2016.