Vermont Uses Justice Reinvestment Initiative to Improve Responses to Domestic Violence

September 27, 2022

An average of 50 percent of all homicides are the result of interpersonal or domestic violence in Vermont each year. In 2019, the Vermont Network Against Domestic and Sexual Violence (Vermont Network) reported that its 16 member organizations answered 18,921 hotline calls and helped 8,760 individuals, predominantly with issues of domestic violence and sexual assault. And while the state has made a concerted effort to support victims, protect communities, and emphasize accountability in cases of domestic violence for decades, these challenges continue to persist.

Concerned by these ongoing trends, Vermont leaders began using a bipartisan, interbranch Justice Reinvestment Initiative (JRI) approach in 2020 to assess and improve the state’s responses to domestic violence. Vermont received a competitive grant from the U.S. Department of Justice’s Office of Justice Programs, Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) to support this effort. The JRI approach involves comprehensive analysis of available data in addition to focus groups and interviews with key stakeholders led by The Council of State Governments (CSG) Justice Center with guidance from the Vermont Department of Public Safety, the Vermont Network, and other state agencies.

The goal of the state’s JRI effort is to explore differences in domestic violence prevalence, service engagement, accessibility, and outcomes to underscore the vast range of victim and survivor identities and experiences across the state. Vermont leaders also seek to develop more effective and timely intervention strategies with people who commit harm in their relationships, including people who also have substance use disorders.

An Executive Working Group composed of Vermont leaders whose work directly connects with domestic violence will oversee the JRI effort with the assistance of the CSG Justice Center. The CSG Justice Center will present findings and data-driven policy recommendations to the Executive Working Group in fall 2022. Recommendations approved by the group will then be presented to the legislature.


This project was supported by Grant No. 2020-ZB-BX-0019 awarded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance. The Bureau of Justice Assistance is a component of the Department of Justice’s Office of Justice Programs, which also includes the Bureau of Justice Statistics, the National Institute of Justice, the Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, the Office for Victims of Crime, and the SMART Office. Points of view or opinions in this document are those of the author and do not necessarily represent the official position or policies of the U.S. Department of Justice.

About the author

Image for:
Brenna Callahan
Senior Media Relations Manager, Communications and External Affairs
Brenna Callahan drives strategic media relations and public affairs to advance organization-wide initiatives. Prior to joining the CSG Justice Center, Brenna managed national communications for a civic engagement nonprofit. She previously developed and managed a communications and economic equity policy
portfolio for Mayor Marty Walsh’s Office of Women’s Advancement at the City of Boston. Brenna also worked in both development and operations roles at the Boys & Girls Clubs of Boston, where she managed agency-wide programming. Brenna earned a BA in English from Boston College and an MPA at Suffolk University.
Read More
  • Image for:
    Carly Murray
    Senior Policy Analyst, State Initiatives
    Carly Murray supports ongoing work in multiple states to serve survivors of crime by engaging with diverse stakeholders and providing technical assistance. Previously, Carly worked as a case manager with Chicago Torture Justice Center, where she supported survivors of police
    violence. Her research focuses on women’s and families’ experiences and needs related to trauma, criminalization, and access to social services. Carly started her career as a case manager for survivors of intimate partner violence and sexual assault. She holds a BA in psychology and French from the University of Wisconsin-Eau Claire and an MA in social work, social policy, and social administration from the University of Chicago School of Social Service Administration.
    Read More
  • You might also be interested in

    Iowa Launches Bipartisan, Data-Driven Effort to Evaluate Pandemic-Related Criminal Justice Changes

    Like many states responding to the COVID-19 pandemic, Iowa criminal justice stakeholders implemented changes to maintain public…

    Read More

    Minnesota Governor’s Council on Justice Reinvestment Continues Review of Proposed Policy Options

    The Minnesota Governor’s Council on Justice Reinvestment met for the fourth time on February 11, 2022, to…

    Read More

    Minnesota Governor’s Council on Justice Reinvestment Finalizes Policy Priorities for 2022 Legislative Session

    The Minnesota Governor’s Council on Justice Reinvestment met for the fifth time on February 18, 2022, to…

    Read More