COVID-19 Assistance for the Justice Community

Illustration of people wearing protective masksThe ever-changing nature of the COVID-19 pandemic requires policymakers and criminal justice practitioners to rapidly adapt their day-to-day operations to the situation at hand. While the pace and scale of the crisis can be overwhelming, the CSG Justice Center is committed more than ever to supporting its members—state and local officials working in all three branches of government in criminal and juvenile justice, behavioral health, housing, and labor.

North Dakota Initiatives

In partnership with North Dakota state leaders, the CSG Justice Center is working on several key criminal justice initiatives to increase public safety, including Face to Face, Stepping Up, and Justice Reinvestment.

Justice Reinvestment in North Dakota

In January 2016, the CSG Justice Center embarked on a Justice Reinvestment approach in North Dakota to help state leaders identify and address the most pressing criminal justice and behavioral health system challenges.


Over the past decade, the number of people in North Dakota’s prisons and jails, on probation, and on parole has increased, and the state and county governments have spent tens of millions of dollars expanding the capacity of existing correctional facilities and building new facilities to accommodate this growth. Unless action is taken, the prison population is projected to grow by 36 percent by FY2022 at a cost of $130 million to accommodate the projected growth.

To address these challenges, Governor Jack Dalrymple, Chief Justice Gerald VandeWalle, Attorney General Wayne Stenehjem, Senate Majority Leader Rich Wardner, House Majority Leader Al Carlson, Senate Minority Leader Mac Schneider, House Minority Leader Kenton Onstad, and Legislative Management Chairman Raymond Holmberg requested intensive technical assistance from The Council of State Governments (CSG) Justice Center with support from The Pew Charitable Trusts and the U.S. Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Assistance to use a data-driven justice reinvestment approach to help the state reduce the corrections population, contain corrections spending, and reinvest a portion of the savings in strategies that can reduce recidivism and increase public safety. The Incarceration Issues Committee—which included stakeholders from all three branches of government—worked with CSG Justice Center staff to review analyses and develop policy options.

On April 21, 2017, Governor Doug Burgum signed Senate Bill 2015 and House Bill 1041, which will curb prison population growth by reducing the number of people in prison who have committed lower-level felony offenses and who have violated the conditions of their supervision by placing them on probation and limiting length of stay, respectively. As a result, prison space will be prioritized for people who are convicted of serious and violent offenses, and supervision resources will be focused on people who are most likely to reoffend. By implementing these policies, the state will avert a minimum of $18.1 million in corrections costs by 2022 and will be able to reinvest those savings in strategies that can reduce recidivism and increase public safety.

The state appropriated $7 million under SB 2015 to improve the quality of community-based behavioral health services for people in the criminal justice system and $500,000 to increase the number of treatment providers that can serve this population. The establishment of the Free Through Recovery (FTR) program was announced by Governor Burgum in September 2017 and launched the following February with 13 initial community providers offering services in locations throughout the state. The CSG Justice Center provided implementation assistance by engaging and training community providers and supervision officers to build local FTR care teams, developing performance measures to monitor FTR impacts, and conducting preliminary process evaluations to strengthen the program model. To date, the number of FTR providers has grown to 23, and more than 800 participants have been referred to the program.

  • Justice Reinvestment in North Dakota: Overview The Justice Reinvestment in North Dakota Overview highlights recent criminal justice trends in the state that North Dakota’s Incarceration Issues Committee and CSG Justice Center staff will be exploring in coming months as part of the state’s justice reinvestment efforts.

  • Justice Reinvestment in North Dakota: First Presentation The first presentation to the Incarceration Issues Committee introduces The Council of State Governments Justice Center and the justice reinvestment process, and includes initial analyses on the North Dakota criminal justice system.
  • Justice Reinvestment in North Dakota: Third Presentation The third presentation to the Incarceration Issues Committee identifies trends in North Dakota’s prison populations, focuses on the state’s probation system, and highlights evidence-based practices that work to reduce recidivism.
  • Justice Reinvestment in North Dakota: Fourth Presentation The fourth presentation to the Incarceration Issues Committee focuses on policy options designed to support victims of crime, to avert growth in the prison population and corrections costs, and to reduce recidivism by strengthening community supervision.
  • Justice Reinvestment in North Dakota: Policy Framework The Justice Reinvestment Policy Framework presented to the Incarceration Issues Committee offers four pragmatic policy options that are projected to reduce the forecasted prison population in 2022 by 13 percent, avoiding $36.3 million in contract prison bed costs.
Final Report
North Dakota News

Face to Face: North Dakota Governor Doug Burgum
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