NY State Probation Incarceration Study
New York has a strong probation and ATI system.
- Between 2002 and 2011, the percentage of adults on probation who were rearrested declined 31 percent.
- New York has a robust community of ATIs, who have largely been successful in reaching and treating clients with a high risk of recidivism.
New York state and counties spend $280 million each year to supervise 117,000 probationers. When probationers fail on supervision, New York state and counties spend approximately $100 million on jail and prison costs.
- More than one out of every six (17 percent) adults admitted to prison committed a crime or a condition violation while under probation supervision.
- Approximately 6,100 probationers were resentenced to jail in 2011 because they committed a new crime or violated conditions of probation while under supervision.
- In New York City, 80 percent of probationers successfully completed probation; probationers in the rest of the state had a 65 percent success rate.
New York statutes require probationers to be supervised longer than many other states:
- Felony probation terms are fixed at 5 years in New York.
- Other states typically give judges discretion to set terms between 2-5 years.
- Misdemeanor probation terms are fixed at 3 years in most cases, 1 year in others.
- Other states set terms of 6 months to 24 months.
Most probationers who will be rearrested do so during the first 6-12 months on supervision, limiting the value of the much longer supervision terms required by NY’s current statutes. Download a .pdf of this Presentation.