50 State Reports

Supervision Violation Data Snapshot

States across the country saw changes in their prison admissions and populations due to supervision violations in 2020. But some states were already experiencing reductions in violation admissions and population prior to the pandemic. This snapshot shows available supervision violation data for Minnesota from 2018 through 2020.


From 2018 to 2020, Minnesota saw a 29 percent decline in the number of prison admissions due to supervision violations.

The breakdown

Total Admissions Violation Admissions Technical Violation Admissions
Total 2018 2019 2020
Total admissions 7,767 7,123 5,553
Total Violation admissions 4,938 4,470 3,488
Probation admissions 1,774 1,615 1,285
Parole admissions 3,164 2,855 2,203
Total Technical Violation admissions 2,771 2,467 1,910
Probation admissions
Parole admissions 2,771 2,467 1,910
Total New Offense admissions 393 388 293
Probation admissions
Parole admissions 393 388 293

From 2018 to 2020, Minnesota saw a 29 percent decline in the number of people in prison due to supervision violations.

The breakdown

Total Population Violation Population Technical Violation Population
Total 2018 2019 2020
Total population 9,821 9,577 8,330
Total Violation population 3,033 2,911 2,166
Probation population 1,305 1,174 973
Parole population 1,728 1,737 1,193
Total Technical Violation population 2,499 2,308 1,633
Probation population 1,305 1,174 973
Parole population 1,194 1,134 660
Total New Offense population 534 603 533
Probation population 0 0 0
Parole population 534 603 533

Additional State Notes

Admissions data is from FY2018 to FY2020. Population data from 2018 to 2020 is from a snapshot date of June 30. For admissions, a breakdown of technical probation and new offense probation violations was not available. New offense probation data was also not available for the state prison population.

There are three probation supervision delivery systems in Minnesota (largely county-operated), and mechanisms have not been created for the various systems to report reasons for revocation. The state abolished parole in 1982 but maintained a period of post-prison supervision (outside of probation) on a determinate basis. All prison sentences include a period of supervision—two-thirds of the sentence is served as incarceration, and one-third of the sentence is served on supervision—and the Minnesota Department of Corrections has the authority to make adjustments to incarceration and supervision time depending on a person’s behavior while incarcerated.

Technical parole violations may include people who ultimately receive a new felony conviction.

Whether an incarceration is the result of a new offense or technical violation is often difficult and problematic to delineate, even in states with available data. Most states do not consider a supervision violation to be the result of a new offense unless a new felony conviction is present, meaning technical violations may include misdemeanor convictions or new arrests. "Prison" includes county jail if the county was reimbursed by the state for a person’s incarceration, which occurs in some, but not all, states. Supervision violations may include revocations (i.e., unsuccessful terminations of a supervision and completion of a sentence in prison or jail) or short-term sanctions (i.e., probation or parole jurisdiction is maintained and the person is incarcerated for a short period of time in prison or jail). Not all states impose or include short-term sanctions in their count of supervision violations.