Oklahoma

Overview

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From 2011 to 2012, the CSG Justice Center worked with Oklahoma state leaders to develop data-driven, consensus-based policy options designed to reduce corrections spending and increase public safety. CSG Justice Center experts interviewed stakeholders across the criminal justice system and conducted a comprehensive analysis of Oklahoma’s criminal justice data to identify challenges facing the state:

  • The national violent crime rate fell five times faster than Oklahoma’s violent crime rate in the previous decade; murder rates actually increased in the state’s two largest cities
  • More than half of inmates were released from prison without supervision, and supervision determinations were not informed by risk assessment
  • Over the last 10 years, growth in Oklahoma’s prison population outpaced the state’s overall population growth; over the previous 10 years while corrections appropriations rose 30 percent

House Bill 3052 was signed into law in 2012. Oklahoma’s justice reinvestment legislation includes several policy options designed to address theses challenges. Among other things, the legislation:

  • Establishes a new state-funded grant program to assist local law enforcement agencies in implementing data-drive strategies to reduce violent crime
  • Institutes a pre-sentence risk and needs screening process to help guide sentencing decisions about treatment and supervision
  • Mandates supervision for all adults released from prison
  • Creates more cost-efficient and meaningful responses to supervision violations

These policies mitigated the state’s growth in prison population by 1,759 and are projected to save up to $120 million over 10 years. Oklahoma reinvested $3.7 million in FY 2013 including $2 million in funding for the grant program to reduce violent crime. At Oklahoma’s request, the CSG Justice Center will continue to provide technical assistance for implementation of these policies.