About the Tool
Developed by the Center for Advancing Correctional Excellence! (ACE!) at George Mason University, the web-based RNR Simulation Tool is intended to provide corrections and treatment providers with a way to incorporate the risk-need-responsivity principle into daily practice and recommend referrals to programs that demonstrate the highest likelihood of recidivism reduction based on a client’s needs.
The CSG Justice Center has partnered with ACE! to pilot the tool with four selected sites from the cohort of FY2014 grantees of the Second Chance Act Reentry Program for Adult Offenders with Substance Abuse and Mental Disorders. These pilot sites—The Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections; the Pima County Behavioral Health (Arizona); Rockdale County, Georgia; and Wilmington, North Carolina—went through an application process to be selected to implement the tool.
What They’ll Do
The RNR Program Tool for Adults classifies programs for the purpose of treatment matching, examines how programs address risk and criminogenic needs, and assesses programs’ implementation and use of evidence-based practices.
The Assess an Individual Portal combines information from risk, criminogenic needs, and other clinically relevant factors to make programming recommendations for an individual and estimate the percentage of possible recidivism reduction based on that program match.
With the use of these tools, these four jurisdictions will be able to better identify service gaps, facilitate treatment matching, and estimate the reduced risk of recidivism if an individual attends appropriate programming. The information from the RNR Program Tool for Adults will help identify the specific training and technical needs of each site.
About the Sites
Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections
Jurisdiction Type and Population: Urban, with a population of approximately 613,215 (Combining New Orleans and Baton Rouge)
Program Length: Up to 26 months
Aims to Serve: 200 people over the 2-year grant period
The Co-Occurring Disorders Integrated Treatment and Reentry Program (CDITRP) serves people who are diagnosed with co-occurring substance use and mental disorders; incarcerated in a state correctional institution; and returning upon release to greater New Orleans and Baton Rouge. More than 71 percent of program participants are female. Screening and assessment instruments include the Louisiana Risk/Needs Assessment (LARNA 2), The Texas Christian University Drug Screen, Texas Christian University Client Evaluation of Self and Treatment, and Addiction Severity Index. Before release from prison, the participants are screened for eligibility for public benefits and receive substance use and mental health treatment, motivational interviewing, motivational enhancement therapy, or cognitive behavioral therapy. Post-release services include intensive case management based on criminogenic needs for at least 8 months; Seeking Safety (a counseling model designed to address trauma and addiction); integrated group treatment for co-occurring disorders and trauma/PTSD; and Forensic Assertive Community Treatment (FACT).
The Louisiana Department of Public Safety and Corrections is receiving on-site technical assistance and training on the RNR Simulation Tool.
Pima County Behavioral Health, Arizona
Jurisdiction Type and Population: Urban, with a population of approximately 1,004,500
Program Length: Eight months plus continuing care
Aims to Serve: 175 people over the 2-year grant period
The Inside Out Recovery Partnership (IORP) serves medium- to high-risk people who have co-occurring substance use and mental disorders and are reentering into the community from incarceration. Priority is given to high-risk individuals and/or women who are experiencing or are at risk of chronic homelessness. The IORP program operates in four phases:
- During Phase I, potential participants are assessed with the Offender Screening Tool and Texas Christian University Drug Screen II, along with a psychosocial core assessment. Clients who are identified as having serious mental illnesses receive treatment using the Recovery Toolkit and individual therapy.
- Phase II of the program begins upon release from jail, with intensive outpatient treatment. Participants are placed in transitional housing, receive case management, and attend a minimum of 10 hours of individual and group treatment services each week.
- During Phase III, participants continue treatment for substance use and co-occurring disorders and are either working, seeking employment, or engaged in training/educational opportunities.
- Phase IV is continuing care and referral to public entitlement benefits.
Pima County is receiving distance-based technical assistance and training on the RNR Simulation Tool.
Rockdale County, Georgia
Jurisdiction Type and Population: Suburban/rural, with a population of approximately 87,700
Program Length: May vary from 1 month to 2 years
Aims to Serve: 200 people over the 2-year grant period
The Rockdale Reentry Intervention Prevention Program (RRIPP) operates through the Rockdale County Sheriff’s Office and serves incarcerated individuals who suffer from co-occurring substance use and mental health disorders and will be returning to the community. Priority is given to females, who are at high risk for recidivating, or those from areas in the county with high crime rates. Many of program participants are awaiting trial and have not been sentenced. Screening and assessment instruments include the Simple Screening Instrument for Alcohol and Other Drugs, Mental Health Screening Form III, Dartmouth Assessment of Lifestyle Inventory, and a comprehensive biopsychosocial assessment. Treatment includes family, individual, or group therapy; intensive outpatient treatment services; motivational interviewing; and cognitive behavioral interventions.
Rockdale County is receiving distance-based technical assistance and training on the RNR Simulation Tool.
Wilmington, North Carolina
Jurisdiction type and population: Urban, with a population of approximately 113,600
Program Length: 6 months
Aims to Serve: 140 people over the 2-year grant period
The City of Wilmington is collaborating with Coastal Horizons Center to implement the Reentry Systems of Effective Treatment (RESET) program. The program serves people who are reentering the community from jail or prison, with priority given to female clients. LINC, a transitional housing facility, will provide housing for up to 18 months for those who need it in addition to aftercare services. Screening and assessment instruments include the Risk and Needs Triage (RANT), the Texas Christian University Drug Screen-V, the Correctional Mental Health Screen for Women (CMHS-W), and the MINI International Neuropsychiatric Interview Plus 6.0. Pre-release services include individual counseling for substance use and mental health, intensive outpatient treatment, support group meetings, case management, and the development of a community transition plan. After release, individuals receive group counseling, including cognitive behavioral therapy and moral reconation therapy, health insurance enrollment, medication-assisted treatment, case management, and employment and education services.
Coastal Horizons Center is receiving on-site technical assistance and training on the RNR Simulation Tool.