Last month, legislation expanding pre-arrest diversion opportunities for youth and shifting responsibility for all youth under 18 who are being held before trial to the Connecticut judicial branch was introduced in the state legislature. The provisions are part of a larger bill proposing sweeping reforms to Connecticut’s juvenile justice system.

Connecticut has made much progress in recent years to reduce the number of youth who enter its juvenile justice system. However, many youth who commit low-level offenses—especially youth of color—receive some form of system supervision. Additionally, youth charged as adults who are held pretrial are currently housed in facilities run by the Department of Corrections, which lack the critical training and services to meet the needs of youth.

To address these and other juvenile justice system issues, Connecticut state leaders launched the Improving Outcomes for Youth (IOYouth) initiative in June 2019 to assess the impact of recent changes to the state’s juvenile justice system and identify additional opportunities for improvement. Under the direction of an IOYouth Task Force, The Council of State Governments Justice Center spent the following year assessing the state’s juvenile justice system and developing data-driven policy recommendations, which the task force approved. Two of these recommendations were subsequently incorporated into the newly proposed legislation:

Divert low-risk youth away from formal system involvement and provide them with effective services to address their needs, if necessary.

  • Develop a plan by January 2022 to automatically divert youth who commit certain low-level violations and infractions to the existing community-based diversion system in lieu of an arrest.
  • For certain low-level misdemeanor offenses, develop a plan by January 2023 to establish a pre-arrest diversion model that would require law enforcement to refer youth who commit these offenses to the diversion system in lieu of an arrest.

Ensure that all youth under 18 who are being held pretrial or pre-disposition and require secure settings are housed in juvenile detention facilities rather than in the custody of the Department of Corrections.

  • By January 1, 2022, the Connecticut judicial branch, which oversees most of the juvenile justice system in the state, must develop and submit a plan for how to house all youth under age 18 who require secure placements.
  • The plan will take effect in 2023 and must include cost estimates and recommendations for any subsequent legislation that may be needed to fully and effectively implement the plan.

These provisions, as part of the larger package of juvenile justice legislation, are being considered by the Connecticut legislature during the 2021 session.

The IOYouth initiative in Connecticut was supported by the Tow Youth Justice Institute.

About the Authors


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Nina Salomon
Program Director, Corrections and Reentry
Nina Salomon oversees the Improving Outcomes for Youth Statewide Juvenile Justice Initiative, supporting states develop, adopt, and implement legislative reforms. Nina was a lead author of the School Discipline Consensus Report, and leads the organizations efforts on improving educational outcomes for
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youth involved with the juvenile justice system. Previously, she was a policy advisor at EducationCounsel LLC, a national policy and legal consulting firm, where she provided assistance to clients at state education agencies, school districts, and national organizations to advance policy change. As an investment associate at The Chicago Public Education Fund, Nina conducted due diligence on prospective investments and managed projects to ensure they achieved performance benchmarks. She also conducted research and wrote policy briefs and funding guides to support charter schools and youth development programs, and worked in government relations for a national youth development organization. Nina earned a BA in political science from The George Washington University and an MSEd in education policy from the University of Pennsylvania.
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    Leslie Griffin
    Content Project Manager, Communications and External Affairs
    Leslie Griffin oversees the creation and publication of a wide range of materials for policy divisions, including reports, policy briefs, research memos, presentations, web posts, grant proposals, and more. She also works closely with other members of the Communications and
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    External Affairs division to develop and expand editorial standards and communication strategies. Prior to joining the CSG Justice Center, Leslie had an 18-year career in educational publishing overseeing the development of literature textbooks for grades 6–12. Leslie received her BA from Sarah Lawrence College with a concentration in English and creative writing.
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