Breaking Schools’ Rules
A Statewide Study on How School Discipline Relates to Students’ Success and Juvenile Justice Involvement
The CSG Justice Center, in partnership with the Public Policy Research Institute at Texas A&M University, has released a groundbreaking statewide study of nearly 1 million Texas public secondary school students, followed for at least six years. Funded by the Atlantic Philanthropies and the Open Society Foundations, this study found that when students are suspended or expelled, the likelihood that they will repeat a grade, not graduate, and/or become involved in the juvenile justice system increases significantly. African-American students and children with particular educational disabilities who qualify for special education were suspended and expelled at especially high rates.
Of the nearly 1 million public secondary school students studied, about 15 percent were suspended or expelled 11 times or more; nearly half of these students with 11 or more disciplinary actions were also involved in the juvenile justice system.
- Repeated suspensions and expulsions predicted poor academic outcomes. Only 40 percent of students disciplined 11 times or more graduated from high school during the study period, and 31 percent of students disciplined one or more times repeated their grade at least once.
- Only three percent of the disciplinary actions were for conduct in which state law mandated suspensions and expulsions; the rest were made at the discretion of school officials primarily in response to violations of local schools’ conduct codes.
- African-American students and those with particular educational disabilities were disproportionately disciplined for discretionary actions.
A conversation with U.S. Department of Education Assistant Secretary Scott Stump explores the critical important of workforce development…Read More
Reentering the community can be a jarring experience. STRIVE, a San Diego-based organization, demonstrates how job readiness programs…Read More
Pennsylvania's Justice Reinvestment legislation, signed into law in December 2019, is expected to save the state millions and…Read More
A conversation with U.S. Department of Education Assistant Secretary Scott Stump explores the critical important of workforce development training for students in the juvenile justice system.Read More
Reentering the community can be a jarring experience. STRIVE, a San Diego-based organization, demonstrates how job readiness programs can have a life-changing impact.Read More
Pennsylvania's Justice Reinvestment legislation, signed into law in December 2019, is expected to save the state millions and improve countless lives. Here, we outline four key questions about the importance of significance of this moment.Read More
On December 20, 2019, President Donald Trump approved funding for key criminal justice programs in FY2020.Read More
Michigan is one of 17 states that not only offers advanced education opportunities behind bars, but also ensures that the programs offered inside correctional facilities translate to the skills employers need outside of them.Read More
Former inmates need jobs and employers are looking for workers. So where's the disconnect?Read More