PMHC programs support law enforcement agencies around the country in planning and implementing effective public safety responses to people who have mental illnesses.

Law enforcement agencies have used police-mental health collaboration (PMHC) programs to help officers safely and effectively respond to calls for service involving people with mental illnesses for decades.

In 2016, the U.S. Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) launched an online toolkit in partnership with the CSG Justice Center that supports law enforcement agencies around the country in planning and implementing effective public-safety responses to people who have mental illnesses.

The PMHC Toolkit outlines the overall benefits of PMHC programs in five sections: learning about PMHC programs; planning and implementing; training; managing; and measuring.

In 2020, the CSG Justice Center launched the PMHC Self-Assessment tool to help law enforcement agencies and their behavioral health partners assess their progress toward implementing high quality partnership-based interventions. This tool is designed to provide resources to help improve responses to calls for service for people with mental illnesses and/or co-occurring substance use conditions.


Key Staff

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Terence Lynn
Deputy Division Director, Law Enforcement, Behavioral Health
Terence Lynn leads the organization’s law enforcement portfolio, which focuses on the intersection between public safety agencies, criminal justice, and behavioral health services. Before joining the CSG Justice Center, Terence served as the dean of Business and Criminal Justice at
Raritan Valley Community College in New Jersey. Prior, he was the senior director of the Division of Professional Studies at The John Jay College of Criminal Justice, where he was responsible for all contracted training and technical advising with the City of New York Police Department (NYPD) and was one of the principal architects and instructors for its Crisis Intervention Team (CIT) pilot program. He also served as the head of the police training academy in upstate New York operated by John Jay. In addition, Terence has also advised on a range of police-mental health collaboration (PMHC) response models in communities throughout New York and has served as a police officer with the New Hampshire and Massachusetts state police forces. Terence holds a CAGS degree in counseling and human relations and a MEd in psychology and is a certified CIT coordinator by CIT International.
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    Allison Upton
    Project Manager, Behavioral Health
    Allison Upton provides technical assistance to grantees and supports policy development and projects specializing in the intersection of criminal justice and behavioral health issues. Prior to joining the CSG Justice Center, Allison worked at the Center for Alternative Sentencing and
    Employment Services (CASES) as the director of court programs, where she oversaw the court and community operations of several alternative-to-incarceration (ATI) and detention programs serving adults with behavioral health needs in New York County. While at CASES, she developed a gender-specific track of ATI services for women involved in the justice system and provided training on evidence-based practices in screening/assessment in justice settings, gender-responsive recidivism risk assessment, trauma-informed case management practices, and cognitive behavioral group interventions aimed at minimizing risk of recidivism. Allison previously worked as a staff psychologist in inpatient services at the Manhattan Psychiatric Center and as the director of an outpatient program at the Bronx Children's Psychiatric Center. She received her BA from the University of Miami and her MS and PsyD in clinical psychology from Nova Southeastern University.
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    Laura Fabius
    Policy Analyst, Behavioral Health
    Laura Fabius works with the law enforcement team, providing technical assistance to Justice and Mental Health Collaboration Program grantees and learning sites. Prior to joining the CSG Justice Center, Laura worked for the Montgomery County Pre-Release Center as a correctional
    program specialist, where she assessed the capabilities of people who were incarcerated and developed community relationships to secure employment opportunities for this population after they reentered their communities. She has also served as a correctional specialist in a detention center in Anne Arundel County, where she helped manage programming for its incarcerated population. Laura has a BA in psychology and sociology and an MS in criminal justice with a concentration in forensic psychology and crime analysis from the University of Hartford.
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