This presentation provides groundbreaking analysis of Ohio’s Bureau of Criminal Investigation arrest data. Topics covered include a review of sentences for property and drug felony offenses, a probation population recidivism analysis, exploration of effective violence-reduction strategies, and improvements to criminal justice data.
In 2011, Ohio’s prisons were operating at 33 percent over capacity, with about 51,000 people in its facilities, a population that was projected to grow by 3,000 by 2015. From 2010 to 2011, the CSG Justice Center worked with Ohio state leaders to develop data-driven policy options designed to curb prison population growth, reduce corrections spending, and increase public safety. HB 86, Ohio’s justice reinvestment legislation, was signed into law in 2011. As a result, Ohio was able to avert growth in its prisons by approximately 2,900 people.
Ohio continues to face several criminal justice challenges. Despite the fact that the state’s total crime rate has decreased in recent years, the number of murders and aggravated assaults has risen, with individual cities experiencing this increase to varying degrees. The use of opioids and other substances is overwhelming local communities, causing the arrest and imprisonment of people for drug offenses to increase and sparking a need to determine the proper way for the criminal justice system to respond and ensure that treatment and other interventions are accessible and effective. Local probation officers are supervising a large number of people in the community, and although the state supports local supervision officers, the limited amount of county data and information about supervision policies and practices makes it hard for the state to accurately assess local needs and provide targeted support. Finally, the state’s capacity to invest resources in tackling these local public safety challenges is hindered by high corrections spending and a large prison population.
To address these challenges, in July 2017, Ohio Governor John Kasich, Chief Justice Maureen O’Connor, Senate President Larry Obhof, House Speaker Clifford Rosenberger, and Attorney General Mike DeWine requested support from the U.S. Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) and The Pew Charitable Trusts (Pew) to explore a justice reinvestment approach.
In September 2017, the Ohio Criminal Sentencing Commission voted to establish the Ohio Justice Reinvestment Committee comprising designees from all three branches of government and state and local criminal justice system stakeholders. Under the direction of the committee, CSG Justice Center staff will conduct a comprehensive analysis of data and help develop policy options that are designed to both increase public safety and contain the cost of corrections. These policy options will be available for the committee’s consideration in late 2018, and recommendations will be provided to the legislature for considering in early 2019.
This presentation highlights key takeaways from the 50-State Summit on Public Safety, presents findings from a law enforcement survey conducted by the CSG Justice Center, and examines the behavioral health landscape in Ohio.
This overview outlines several criminal justice challenges in Ohio, including increases in certain types of violent crime in some parts of the state; substance use issues driven by the opioid crisis, which are causing increases in prison admissions; a large probation population; high corrections spending; and a large prison population.